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Health, Population and Nutrition

Speeches Shim

indoor residual spraying to reduce the presence of malaria-carrying mosquitoes in homes.
Malaria is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Kenya. USAID supports malaria treatment and prevention activities, including indoor residual spraying of homes to reduce the presence of malaria-carrying mosquitoes.
Alex Kamweru for USAID


USAID supports the health sector with high-impact, evidence-based interventions.  Most interventions in the health sector are at the county level with only targeted support at the national level.  We work with the Government of Kenya, local institutions, faith-based organizations, and the private sector on:

  • HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment

  • Malaria prevention and treatment

  • Tuberculosis (TB) control and treatment

  • Maternal, newborn, and child health care

  • Nutrition

  • Water, sanitation, and hygiene


Strengthening Health Systems 

USAID builds health systems which are responsive to the needs of individuals, families, and communities. It also support improvements in the health workforce; health information system; supply chain management; financing; and leadership and governance.  We have made significant investments to improve the supply chain management for HIV, malaria, and family planning initiatives. USAID also supports the Government of Kenya to improve the collection, verification, and use of health data.

Controlling the HIV Epidemic

USAID works through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Launched in 2003, PEPFAR represents the largest U.S. Government investment in HIV globally.  PEPFAR enables Kenyans living with HIV/AIDS to access the treatment.  They also share information to end the spread of the disease from mother-to-child and partner-to-partner. As a result of U.S. Government efforts, more people are on antiretroviral therapy and more Kenyans are being tested for HIV.  HIV programming focuses on palliative care, orphans and vulnerable children, nutrition, home-based care, and other-related services.

Controlling Tuberculosis 

Tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading infectious disease killer globally. USAID strengthens Kenya’s National Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Program by improving diagnostics, increasing access to treatment, and combating drug-resistant TB and HIV associated TB.  USAID launched “The Global Accelerator to End Tuberculosis,” which will leverage resources from countries, private sector partners, and other local organizations. These resources will help Kenya meet the UN General Assembly's TB targets:

  1. Treat 40 million people with TB by 2022
  2. Start 30 million people on TB preventive therapy

Reducing the Burden of Malaria

Malaria is one of the leading causes of sickness and death in Kenya.  The U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI), a U.S. Government and Government of Kenya collaboration, expands malaria prevention and treatment measures.  USAID procures and distributes malaria medicines to health facilities. USAID also provide insecticide-treated bed nets in communities and malaria prophylaxis to pregnant women.  Finally, we support indoor spraying to reduce the presence of malaria-carrying mosquitoes in homes.

Preventing Maternal and Child Deaths

Kenya has made great strides in reducing child deaths, with a nearly 30 percent decline in child and infant death between 2008 and 2014.  Newborns and young children have a better chance to reach their full potential thanks to improvements in care. USAID continues to combat the main causes of maternal and child deaths.  Work focuses on all aspects of care, which includes:

  • Prenatal care

  • Skilled birth attendance

  • Essential newborn care

  • Postpartum care

  • Voluntary reproductive health services

  • Routine immunizations

  • Enhanced nutrition practices

  • Improved water, hygiene, and sanitation at the household level

  • In-patient care for severe malnutrition

Overview: Health, Population and Nutrition

Strengthening Health Systems

Controlling the HIV Epidemic

Reducing the Burden of Malaria

Preventing Maternal and Child Deaths

Health, Population and Nutrition Activity Fact Sheets