Flag of Bangladesh

Agriculture and Food Security

Speeches Shim

A farmer works his paddy field in Govindho Sree village in northeast Bangladesh.
A farmer works his paddy field in Govindho Sree village in northeast Bangladesh.
Habibul Haque for USAID

Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in the world with a population of over 165 million and a projected population, based on current growth trends, of well over 200 million by 2050.  This demographic burden places tremendous economic, social and environmental strain on the country and dramatically affects its ability to provide for its citizens. 

USAID partners with the Government of Bangladesh on development activities to improve the availability and access to nutritious, domestically produced foods.  Under the United States Global Food Security Strategy, U.S. Government’s Feed the Future (FTF) activities improve productivity and agricultural diversity in targeted areas of southern Bangladesh and enhance private sector competitiveness by promoting economic growth, good corporate practices, and supply chain development to benefit poor farmers and businesses.  In addition, USAID assistance improves the formulation and implementation of food policy in Bangladesh through research, monitoring, training, and coordination within government agencies. USAID’s assistance contributes to advancing the U.S. vision for a free and open Indo-Pacific.


USAID leverages science, technology, and innovation to support research that develops and promotes climate smart technologies to maximize impact on agriculture sector growth.  USAID supports public and private extension services to deliver information to farmers and fishers, and integrates nutrition-sensitive and gender-inclusive messages in their work.


USAID interventions work to diversify sources of income includes broadening the varieties of plant, fish, and animals raised on the farm, adopting post-harvest practices and intermediate level processing, as well as promoting off-farm income.  USAID works closely with the public and private sectors to identify market opportunities and strategies for expanding the production of new and underdeveloped crops that have the potential to increase household incomes, improve nutrition, and contribute to greater women’s economic empowerment.

Market System

USAID programs upgrade technology and processes to improve the flow of market information and ultimately raise overall food and non-food value chain competitiveness.  This complex system includes working with the production systems, end markets, support services such as financial and business development services and mechanization, value chain governance, the natural ecosystem, and the socio-cultural context.  Facilitating greater functionality of Bangladesh’s market system will lead to sustainable agricultural development that will reach scale through private sector investments.

USAID activities look at the mechanics of the entire value chain to identify constraints.  This complex system includes production systems, supply chain, end markets, support services (such as financial, business development services, transportation, and mechanization), value chain governance, the natural ecosystem, and the socio-cultural context.  Greater functionality of the market system will lead to sustainable agriculture development that can be scaled up through private sector investment.

Women’s Empowerment

Fundamental to sustainable and inclusive economic growth, including improved crop yields, is the empowerment of women.  USAID interventions promote women’s empowerment at the firm, community and household level, which will include behavior change messaging to both men and women in these organizational units.  USAID addresses gender gaps and creates opportunities for women to participate actively in the economic activities within the industries, sectors, and companies which this project will support.

Private Sector Competitiveness

USAID improves the competitiveness and growth of selected private sector industries to increase job opportunities for the poor away from the farms.  USAID improves private sector competitiveness by enhancing the business enabling and policy environment, boosting relevant skills of men and women in the workforce and management, promoting implementation of quality standards and quality management systems, improving marketing capabilities, increasing business productivity, and promoting increased access to financial services.

Enhanced business enabling environment

USAID helps the Government of Bangladesh modernize and improve the efficiency of its customs operations and make it easier to do business, increase national competitiveness, and stimulate economic growth.  USAID provides technical assistance to reduce non-tariff barriers to trade, including revising relevant policies, regulations, and procedures.


In 2019, USAID programs in Bangladesh:

  • Supported over 225,000 farmers, who applied technologies in new and improved agronomic practices, including irrigation, livestock management, and pest and disease management.  
  • Leveraged $2.2 million to improve business performance, benefiting high-value crops producers.
  • Enabled 75,000 women to apply improved management practices or technologies for activities on and away from the farm.

Twice the Rice is the story of Taraoni, a rice farmer from rural Bangladesh. Growing up, Taroni’s father often said to him, “Son, rice is our life. Rice is everything.” With improved farming skills he learned from Feed the Future, Taroni is now yielding twice the rice from the same piece of land. As a husband and a father of two children, Taroni’s boosted yields and the resulting higher income is improving his family’s future. He is now able to provide options for his children to go into any profession they desire.