Flag of Niger

Global Health

Language: English

Speeches Shim

A woman shows off a baby weighing card in Niger
A woman shows off a baby weighing card in Niger
B. Hirsch, USAID Washington

Niger consistently ranks at or near the bottom of the United Nations Development Program’s Human Development Index. Chronic food insecurity and infectious disease have resulted in some of the highest rates of malnutrition and mortality in the world.

More than 50 percent of children under 5 years old are chronically undernourished and the rates of acute malnutrition are well beyond the threshold for public health emergencies. In addition, Niger has the highest fertility rate in the world. Left unchecked, Niger’s rapid population growth will further undermine health service delivery and weaken the resilience of the most vulnerable populations. To address policy and advocacy needs at the regional, national and sub-national levels, USAID programs focus on developing the capacity of government, civil society and other partners to improve maternal and child health, family planning and nutrition.



USAID’s Resilience in the Sahel Enhanced (RISE) initiative includes efforts to improve the health and nutrition status of women and children under 5 years old, in order to reduce chronic vulnerability of populations to recurrent crises. RISE encompasses a broad range of humanitarian and development programs, including long-term development projects implemented by USAID’s Office of Food for Peace that are focused on food security and nutrition. RISE’s multi-sector approach includes nutrition-sensitive programs that increase the availability of and access to nutritious food and potable water. USAID works to transform the behaviors of vulnerable populations related to water and sanitation, nutrition and health-care seeking practices. USAID builds the capacity of the local health system to manage acute malnutrition and to prevent and treat childhood illnesses related to malnutrition. USAID also helped the Government of Niger pass legislation and monitor compliance for the mandatory fortification of cooking oil and flour.


USAID programs are increasing access to and use of quality family planning services in select areas of Niger by strengthening the capacity of health centers and agents to provide quality family planning services, increasing access to long-term contraceptive methods and raising the awareness of women and men on reproductive health and family planning. USAID programs also work to treat and prevent obstetric fistula, a debilitating condition that often leaves women ostracized by their communities.

USAID supports the Nigerien Ministry of Public Health to manage key family planning commodities. Through its resilience programs, USAID promotes Safe Space clubs, where young women can learn about nutrition and sexual and reproductive health with and from their peers.


USAID is supporting Nigerien pharmaceutical management systems to improve HIV commodity security as part a regional initiative targeting six countries in West and Central Africa. USAID has also placed a technical advisor with the National Malaria Control Program to support its supply chain management functions. USAID supports the Ministry of Health to eradicate neglected tropical diseases and reinforce the surveillance system of these diseases.

USAID Niger Health Goals

  • Increased access to and availability of health and nutrition services
  • Increased access to potable water and improved sanitation
  • Improved health and nutrition practices
  • Increased access to and utilization of family planning and reproductive health services
  • Strengthened capacity of health centers